Clash of civilizations?
S. Huntington argued that prior to the Cold War’s end, societies were separated by ideological differences, such as the conflict between communism and democracy and that now the most important divisions between societies are no longer ideological, political or economic, but cultural. Huntington considered that new conflict patterns will emerge at the boundaries of different cultures and cohesion patterns and that as a multicultural world was unavoidable as and a global empire (fortunately) impossible, the survival of the West (as opposed to the Rest) would require a renewed identity.
Unless the West adapts to the new situation, it would be doomed to decline in power and influence or to clash with other powerful civilizations, ‘the greatest threat to world peace’. S. Huntington’s Wester lens led him to oversimplify, to exaggerate cultural unity and to undervalue the political and national security interests of nation-states, linking the views of many different countries to a collective civilizational perspective.